The physical and inherent nature of certain goods being shipped require that they should be handled in a special way and this certainly can affect their distribution and delivery mode. In some cases, the special handling required for the products adds extra cost to their distribution.
These types of goods fall into various categories:
. Time Sensitive goods: These are goods that can not be sold or used after a certain time. They must, therefore, be available at the point of sale or consumption before the required time. Example of such goods includes; newspaper, magazines, food, and medicines fall into this class.
Hazardous goods: These types of goods are goods that can cause harm to persons handling them or to other goods which have to be carried together with them. They can also pose a risk to the environment. These type of goods require special packaging, labeling, marking, storage, transportation, and must comply with stipulated legislation of the country of origin, transit, and destination. Example of such goods are poisons, acids, chemicals, explosives, and radio materials.
Fragile goods: As the name suggests, these are goods that can easily be broken or damaged. Such goods require sufficient packing and the distribution method should not expose them to stress or rigors. Example of such goods is chinaware, glass articles, marble tiles, bricks.
. Perishable goods: These are goods that have short lifespans and are liable to spoil. Distributions of these items require speed as well as care and close monitoring. In almost every case special equipment such as temperature control machinery is required for safe storage and delivery.
. High-value goods: These are goods that have a high cost of production. Their distribution must ensure that they are protected from theft and damage during storage and transportation. Example of such goods are pieces of jewelry.