Procedures for exportation of goods in Nigeria

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In the recent times, exportation of goods in Nigeria has improved and increased the economy gross domestic products. The government has invested so much on how to minimize importation and encourage exportation of locally produced goods, products and services to other countries. Exportation of goods has increased foreign reserves, creating employment opportunities and increase tax base for all levels of government.

In this article, I am going to guide you through the process of exportation of goods. I will analyze the details of all documents and licenses that exportation requires in order to avoid any form of delay due to incomplete documentation. I will also give you more tips on how to minimize cost on export process.

Firstly, one of the important issues exporters needs to understand is exporting services, which requires a fine understanding of your client’s culture and business style. It helps in developing partnerships with local firms and facilitators’ partnership.

In addition to exporting goods in Nigeria, there are procedures for excellent delivery of goods. These procedures must be in accordance with the requirements from both the Nigerian government and the government of other importing country.

Trading goods can be one way of scanning opportunities for overseas franchising or even production. Export business worldwide is guided strictly by appropriate documentation. This is because much reliance is placed on documents relating to price, quantity, packaging, shipping, clearing and lots more.


Below are the lists of documents that will be needed for exporting goods out of Nigeria.


  • Sales and purchase agreement
  • Export Licence
  • NXP form
  • Commercial invoice or Proforma invoice
  • Packing list
  • Inspection certificates
  • Bill of lading
  • Certificate of Origin
  • Insurance certificate

Now, let me give more light on each documents listed above:

Sales and purchase agreement

Is a legal document between suppliers and the buyers that shows the cost of purchase, the quantity, terms of service, payment terms, information about the two parties and shipping information of the goods and services to be exchanged

Export Licence

Is a document issued by Nigeria Export Promotion Council to corporate companies and NGOs in Nigeria to give permit to undergo export process of goods and services from Nigerian ports to other countries.

NXP Form

Is a form issued by commercial banks in Nigeria to exporters. It contains the information about a country of origin, country of destination, name of the exporting company, name of the buyer, total number of fund expected, the quantity of goods to be exported.

Commercial invoice or Proforma invoice

Is the document that shows the quantity of the goods, the cost of the goods and banking details of the exporter.

Packing list

It shows the dimension (height, length and width in inches, millimetres, centimetres or metres), detailed description of the goods, the quantity for exportation.

Inspection Certificate

This is a pre-shipment inspection to certify that goods were in good condition prior shipment.

Bill of Lading

The master of the ship issues this receipt to the person consigning the goods.

Certificate of Origin

This certificate confirms which country that owns the production of commodity or good.

Insurance Certificate

It shows information on types and limits of insurance coverage, insurance company, policy number etc.

In conclusion, success in exportation of goods depends on proper documentations and good services of freight forwarding company that will facilitate the export process.  With the help of a freight forwarding company, all stress, delay and discrepancies that may emerge can be minimized through professional insights on the export services.

Follow Okosi Emmanuel:

Freight Manager

I am a professional, dedicated freight manager. Passionate about leveraging products to improve geographical knowledge, communication, honesty, and narrow shipping disparities. I have extensive knowledge of freight management, cargo handling procedures, and the urgency often faced with importing. I think it is safe to say, that it is a big part of why I am still in the business today. I believe work ethics is a talent, and I believe there is a smart way to work hard that is far more important than the number of hours you are in the office in a day. Passion, focus, integrity, steadfastness, curiosity, impatience (when necessary), and fiercely loyal are all traits that has enabled me to achieve success locally and internationally. My intellectual curiosity also drives me to be a lifelong learner. I am currently learning more ways to simplify shipping both locally and globally. My company slogan is ‘’Simplified Shipping Mechanism’’. We are expert in freight management. I love to write, travel, and inspire people. I will be sharing my walks, discoveries, and truths learned with you all.

4 Responses

  1. […] goods to Nigeria. See also List of documents needed for the importation of goods in Nigeria and procedures of exportation of goods for more guidelines on the importing and exporting business in […]

  2. […] of trade of the two countries. See list of documents needed for importation of goods in Nigeria and Procedures in the exportation of goods in Nigeria. In these articles, you will get an insight on various documents and licenses involved in […]

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    • Okosi Emmanuel
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      Thank you very much for your kind words and for dropping by. Please do visit again soon.

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